The Active Biotech Group Quarterly Report January - March 1999



SAIK - already at phase I this year

The Group’s activity is based upon knowledge of Man’s immune defence system. Infectious diseases, inflammatory and auto-immune diseases, as well as cancer, represent the Group’s sphere of research. In the USA alone it is calculated that over 20 million people suffer from auto-immune diseases with few satisfactory methods of treatment. SAIK is Active Biotech’s collective name for different substances for controlling Man’s immune defence system.

SAIK will be primarily directed at the disease known as MS, multiple sclerosis. Phase 1, clinical trials, are expected to commence as early as this year, about half a year ahead of schedule. The process of searching for a co-operation partner who is to launch and market the product globally, is underway.

SAIK - also used against psoriasis

Parallel experimental studies of the treatment of psoriasis are being conducted, as well as trials against asthma, juvenile diabetes and RA, rheumatic arthritis. The aim is to develop better medicines with fewer side-effects and oral medication instead of application by injection.

CIM - the alternative to SAIK

The cellular immune defence system is controlled by different receptors on the cells’ surface. These receptors are receivers of information between the cells. An over-active immune defence system can be down-regulated through inhibiting this communication. These are the scientific grounds for the CIM project (co-stimulating immunomodulation) with the objective of developing medicines for various auto-immune diseases, e.g. RA and asthma. Biochemical testing and screening of a large number of substances are currently being conducted.

CIM represents a different form of attack against different diseases to that of SAIK, and is based upon knowledge of a molecular target, i.e. a target protein. By the year 2001 it is expected that 1-2 candidates will proceed to Phase I trials.


SmithKline Beecham - ETEC-vaccine

Together with the co-operation partner SmithKline Beecham (SB), SBL Vaccin is conducting extensive Phase III clinical trials of the oral ETEC-vaccine against so-called tourist diarrhoea. The trials have been intensified during the period and are being conducted in Kenya and Guatemala/Mexico.

A well executed study is required for approval by the FDA. SB has given priority to the ETEC-vaccine in the Group’s marketing plans with an anticipated launch in the year 2001. A new market study confirms the market potential.

The ETEC-vaccine has been developed internally by SBL Vaccin on the basis of the experience gained from the cholera vaccine Dukoral, which is registered in Sweden and Norway. Both of the vaccines contain the same rCTB component, which opens the way for a vaccine that can be administered as a drink. SBL Vaccin possesses patent protection up to the year 2013.

A previously planned study in Israel was initiated in April under the supervision of the US Army Health Branch Research Unit. The study encompasses 1600 Israeli soldiers and the aim is to investigate the ETEC-vaccine’s protective effect over a sustained period of time. The study is not intended for inclusion in the first registration application.

SmithKline Beecham - cholera vaccine

The travel vaccine, Dukoral, is sold in Sweden and Norway against cholera, and is also approved for ETEC-indication. In Sweden sales increased by 100% compared with the same period last year and Dukoral is expected to sell for SEK 20 million on the Swedish market. This is estimated to correspond thus far to only approx. 10-15% of all travellers from Sweden to areas of risk for cholera and ETEC.

A new agreement with SB involves Active Biotech regaining all the international sales rights whereby it is able to sell Dukoral under its own auspices in all the markets outside of Europe, USA and Australia. Negotiations have been initiated with distributors in Asia and Latin America.

North American Vaccine - IPV polio vaccine

The new production plant for polio in Solna is undergoing final validation with an estimated annual capacity of 6 million doses. The registering of IPV in the USA has been delayed because of the American authorities’ requirements regarding analysis and testing methods. The vaccine has been employed in Sweden since the Fifties, with no case of polio reported. Evaluation of different alternatives in order to commence export sales, is being made.

Pharmacia & Upjohn - TTS cancer immunotherapy

The contract research with P&U is developing better than planned, and is aimed at finding a method of identifying tumour cells in order to subsequently activate the immune defence system so that the cancer cells are destroyed (TTS stands for Tumour Targeting Superantigen). The research has previously generated two pharmaceutical candidates for clinical trials and the objective is to produce a further improved product candidate for Phase I studies next year.

At the conference on cancer in April at the American Association of Cancer Research in Philadelphia promising research results were presented in respect of non-small cell lung cancer, which often affects smokers.

The co-operated generated research income of SEK 50 million last year, with SEK 75 million this year and SEK 50 million next year.

Vaccine Solution Pty - Streptococcus vaccine

Tonsillitis currently accounts for about a third of all visits to the doctor. There is no vaccine on the market. The development and selection of pharmaceutical candidates has been intensified in order to initiate Phase I studies during the year 2000. Considerable interest in the vaccine has been evinced by potential co-operation partners.

UMDS - tooth decay

By means of a licence agreement with United Medical and Dental Schools in London, a new medicine against Streptococcal bacteria in the oral cavity, which give rise to serious tooth decay, is being developed. Phase I studies are due to commence as early as year 2000.

CDT - more new co-operation partners

The subsidiary Actinova’s new technology platform, CDT (Covalent Display Technology) has great potential for libraries of peptides and other substances. A development co-operation has been initiated with McMaster University. The first licence has been successfully implemented with Invitrogen Corp., USA.

Universitetssjukhuset i Linköping [Linköping University Hospital] - cancer diagnostics

In March an agreement was concluded, which affords Active Biotech rights and patent protection in respect of so-called predictive tests in the field of cancer. The research group in Linköping has developed methods for establishing at an early stage which patients may be successfully treated for cancer of the kidney and malignant melanoma. A special “test-kit” can forecast the “right” patients, which means that the patients can obtain a prognosis for their treatment and that patients who would not have responded to the treatment can be subjected to different therapy, i.e. achieving an enhanced quality of life. At the same time it is important that the medical services do not administer expensive treatment at incorrect dosages.


On 10 May the shareholders’ General Meeting approved the proposal to distribute all the shares in Wilh. Sonesson. Lex Asea is applicable, which involves a tax-free distribution of approx. SEK 18 per share to the shareholders. The reconciliation day was set at 10 June with an estimated quotation of Wilh. Sonesson on the O-list on 15 June. The quotation prospectus will be distributed among the shareholders at the end of May. As at 31 March, the Group, which is to be distributed, had a shareholders’ equity of approx. SEK 206 million, the Parent Company had 100% equity/assets ratio and the Group 50%, as well as liquid funds of SEK 97 million.

FINANCIAL POSITION, excluding Wilh. Sonesson

Available liquid funds in Active Biotech amounted to SEK 774 million, SEK 69 per share. The Group’s equity/assets ratio was 76% and the Parent Company’s equity/assets ratio was 66%.


The net investments for the period amounted to SEK 72 million.

Result and forecast for 1999

The result after net financial items for January - March, amounted to SEK -27 million, which was better than budget. All figures are exclusive of the Wilh. Sonesson Group. The forecast of SEK -115 million for 1999 remains, and takes into account an estimated sales profit in respect of the ongoing disposal of SBL Vaccin’s property in Solna.

Forthcoming reports

Q2 report will be issued on 26 August
Q3 report will be issued on 25 November

Lund, 17 May 1999

Active Biotech AB

Sven Andréasson
Managing Director

The full Interim Report Including tables can be downloaded from the enclosed link.
pdfQuarterly Report January - March 1999