Active Biotech Group Interim Report 1 January - 30 September 1999



The 1999 results will be considerably improved compared with the estimated loss of approximately SEK -115m previously forecasted. There are three reasons for the improvement: savings measures already effective this year, an improved net financial result and an anticipated higher capital gain on the sale of the property in Solna.

The property negotiations with several parties are in an intensive final phase. For this reason a forecast figure for the whole year is not given, pending a final agreement. There has been enormous interest in the SBL property, with its 100,000 sq m land and 26,000 sq m of building area.

No comparison figures are given for the corresponding period last year. These are misleading due to the changes in the business and the specialisation into biotechnology through the tax-free Wilh. Sonesson distribution in June. The Swedish National Tax Board has assessed the acquisition value after distribution to be allocated 93% to Active Biotech and 7% to Wilh. Sonesson.


Active Biotech has now been organised into an operating unit with a cost-effective and functional organisation with clearly defined responsibilities and tasks.

All preclinical research activities have been brought together in Lund. The group is focusing on, and making further investments in, its three priority products: the cholera vaccine, the ETEC vaccine and SAIK-MS.
The resources of SBL Vaccin in Solna are concentrated on marketing, the distribution of vaccines in the Nordic market and production of the cholera and ETEC vaccines.

The medical, clinical research and registration functions have been strengthened.

The announced annual cost reduction of SEK 75m proceeds as planned, and SEK 20m of this goal has already been achieved during 1999.


Together with our partner SmithKline Beecham, we have started the final part of the Phase III clinical trials in Guatemala/Mexico. The study now involves batches of vaccine produced according to commercial production methods.

The first phase in Guatemala/Mexico, with approximately 750 patients, has ended. Efficacy data are expected to be published during Q1, 2000. The vaccine is drinkable, and protects against the intestinal bacterium ETEC (so-called tourist diarrhoea). No vaccine against the illness is currently available on the market. The first market launch is expected in 2001.

According to the World Tourism Organisation, there were approximately 49 million tourist journeys in 1996, excluding business travel, from Europe, Japan, the USA and Australia to high risk areas for the ETEC bacterium, and approximately 120 million to medium/low risk areas.


The travel vaccine Dukoral against cholera is sold in Sweden and Norway, and the vaccine is also approved in these countries for ETEC indications. Dukoral is a drinkable vaccine with the same mode of operation as the ETEC vaccine, which is in the final phase of clinical trials. The protective effect is approximately 85% for 6 months against cholera and approximately 60% for approximately 3 months against ETEC.

Sales in Sweden during the period were 93,000 doses, compared with 56,000 for the same period in the previous year. It is estimated that approximately 800,000 Swedes visit areas at risk of cholera and tourist diarrhoea every year, which gives a penetration for Dukoral of only approximately 10-15% in Sweden so far. Currently, Dukoral is sold only on prescription and at vaccination centres. An application for OTC registration may be considered shortly. The product has been on the market for five years, and no side effects have been reported.

In addition to Sweden and Norway, Dukoral is registered in six South American countries. The registration application has been submitted in Switzerland and is being prepared for several other countries.

Sales of Dukoral during the period totalled SEK 18.1m, representing increases of +70% in Sweden and +405% in export turnover.

Registered only for cholera indication, an equivalent product to Dukoral is marketed internationally under the name "SBL Cholera Vaccine". WHO has recommended SBL Cholera Vaccine as the only available cholera vaccine in the world with a documented protective effect.

A registration application has been submitted recently to WHO for "WHO countries", in preparation for the creation of a stockpile of 1-2 million doses. It will be possible to deliver the vaccine quickly in disaster areas, e.g. countries affected by earthquakes. The selling price per dose is lower in this instance, but still offers a considerable return due to the order volume.

The current production capacity in Solna and Matfors is 4 million doses per year, which can be expanded considerably in the event of increased demand. At higher production volumes, a greater conversion rate is achieved, and hence significantly lower manufacturing costs.


Active Biotech's research areas are infectious, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. It is estimated that in the USA alone, more than 20 million people suffer from autoimmune diseases with few satisfactory methods of treatment. SAIK is the generic name for the company's various substances for the control of human immune systems.

During the autumn SAIK-MS, a substance against multiple sclerosis, was tested on a small scale, Phase I in humans, with very promising results. A new application was submitted in November to the Medical Products Agency in Sweden [Läkemedelsverket]. This will enable that an extended Phase I can be carried out during the spring next year, with a larger number of patients and at higher dosages.

SAIK-MS is expected to enter Phase II as early as Q4, 2000, which is faster than planned.

Potential partners have shown substantial and increasing interest in the product. The management, after studying research results obtained so far, has decided not to make partnership agreements in the various markets until 2001.

To negotiate on the basis of Phase II results, "proof of concept", means there will be better opportunities to obtain larger up-front payments, milestones and royalties. Active Biotech has the financial strength to be able to wait for the Phase II study of SAIK-MS.

Current sales of existing drugs against MS are SEK 5bn per year, and with strong growth in excess of 50%. The number of patients, of whom only some can be treated using current therapies, is increasing annually by more than 50,000.


During the summer, Active Biotech and OXiGENE signed a research agreement in the inflammatory diseases area. The initial aim of the partnership is that Active Biotech will evaluate new drugs against inflammatory diseases based on OXiGENE's patented technology around the benzamide group of substances in the cancer area.

The partners are currently holding discussions about extending the partnership by allowing OXiGENE to evaluate Active Biotech's patented SAIK substances in order to identify candidate drugs in the cancer area. A positive outcome in both of these areas will create increased resources for more rapid commercialisation.


A great amount of work has been done in the form of analysis, planning and measures in the run-up to the year 2000. The risk of possible disruption to IT systems and laboratory technical equipment is considered to have been minimised.


The final accounts announcement for the operating year 1999 will appear on 18 February 2000.

Lund, 22 November 1999

Active Biotech AB (publ)

Sven Andréasson
President and CEO

Active Biotech AB is a biotechnology company focusing on the research and development of pharmaceuticals and vaccines. The core competence is knowledge about human immune systems. We have a high quality project portfolio and substantial financial resources. Important products are a vaccine against cholera, a vaccine against tourist diarrhoea (ETEC) and a drug against MS (SAIK). Active Biotech's turnover in 1998 was SEK 259m.

Active Biotech AB
Box 724, SE-220 07 Lund, Sweden
Tel +46 (0)46-19 20 00
Fax +46 (0)46-19 20 50

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The full interim report including tables is available to download from the enclosed link.
pdfActive Biotech Group Interim Report 1 January - 30 September 1999